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Cats with hyperthyroidism have a thyroid gland that is producing excessive amounts of thyroid hormones. This causes a dramatic increase in the body’s metabolic rate.
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland over-produces thyroid hormones. Your cat’s thyroid gland is located in its neck. It is divided into two parts, called lobes, which lie on either side of the windpipe (trachea).
When a cat has hyperthyroidism, either one or both of the thyroid lobes become enlarged (both lobes are affected in 70% of cases). This leads to excessive production of the thyroid hormones T4 (also known as thyroxine) and T3 (also known as triiodothyronine).
- Are essential for proper growth of body cells and the development of these cells for specific roles in the body.
- Help regulate the metabolism of protein, fat and carbohydrates by cells.
- Are involved in the regulation of heat production and oxygen consumption and therefore a wide range of metabolic processes.
As a result, an excess of thyroid hormones affects the function of virtually every organ system.
Information on this medication quoted from dechra-us.com